Right Hybrid Fund

How To Choose The Right Hybrid Fund?


In the realm of investing, there are numerous strategies, each with its own set of pros and cons. Among these, index fund investing has emerged as a popular choice for individuals seeking a passive approach to building wealth over the long term, particularly in the context of the Indian financial market. Let’s delve into what index funds are, how they work, and why they are gaining traction among investors in India.

Understanding Hybrid Funds

What is hybrid fund? As the name implies, hybrid funds feature portfolios comprising a mix of equity-linked and fixed-income securities spanning debt and money markets. Investing in the appropriate hybrid fund offers a balanced exposure to both equity and debt markets, enabling investors to optimise their risk-reward ratio.

Hybrid Fund Types

Balanced Hybrid Funds

This category of hybrid funds allocates a minimum of 40% of its portfolio to debt and equity-linked securities. The primary goal of balanced hybrid funds is to generate long-term capital gains for investors. With a minimum equity and fixed-income exposure of 40%, these funds aim to balance risk and reward.

Multi-Asset Allocation Funds

Multi-asset allocation funds invest in at least three asset classes, each with an exposure exceeding 10%. These funds are an excellent choice for investors seeking portfolio diversification across various asset classes.

Aggressive Hybrid Funds

As the name suggests, aggressive hybrid funds prioritise equity-linked securities in their portfolios. These funds allocate at least 65% of their portfolio to equities, capped at 80%. Fixed-income securities constitute the remaining portion across debt and money markets.

Dynamic Asset Allocation Funds

Dynamic asset allocation funds, also known as balanced advantage funds, adjust their asset allocation based on market and economic conditions. Fund managers and their teams continuously seek opportunities to maximise mutual fund returns for investors by shifting allocations between equities and debt.

Conservative Hybrid Funds

Conservative hybrid funds limit equity exposure to preserve investors’ capital. These funds typically allocate 10% to 25% of their portfolio to equities, with the majority (75% to 90%) invested in fixed-income securities across debt and money markets. The primary objective is to generate income from debt securities while enhancing returns through equity exposure.

Equity Savings Funds

Equity savings funds aim to balance risk and return by investing in debt securities, derivatives, and equities. These funds’ diversified portfolios are designed to mitigate market volatility, with equity exposure providing growth potential and fixed-income securities ensuring stability. At least 65% of the portfolio comprises equity and equity-linked securities, while the remainder is allocated to fixed-income securities.

Choose Your Right Hybrid Fund: Here’s How

Here are some key factors to consider when selecting a hybrid mutual fund.

Equity Exposure

Understanding the fund’s equity exposure is crucial. Assess your risk tolerance and choose funds that align with your risk profile.


A standard guideline is to allocate a percentage of your portfolio to equities based on your age. For example, if you are 35 years old, your equity exposure may be around 65%. Aggressive hybrid funds may be suitable for those comfortable with higher risk levels.


Be aware of the fund’s taxation, which depends on its equity exposure. Funds with over 65% equity exposure are taxed like equity funds, while others follow debt fund taxation rules. Knowing the tax implications can prevent surprises.

Risk Profile

Consider your risk tolerance and capacity before investing in a hybrid fund. Equity-oriented hybrid funds carry higher volatility due to their significant equity exposure, making them suitable for investors with a higher risk appetite and a longer investment horizon. On the other hand, debt-oriented hybrid funds offer lower volatility but may provide relatively lower returns. Assess your risk tolerance and choose a fund that aligns with your comfort level.

Investment Horizon

Consider your investment horizon when selecting between equity-dominated or debt-dominated hybrid funds. Longer horizons may warrant equity-dominated funds for growth potential. In comparison, shorter horizons may be better suited for debt-dominated funds.

To Conclude

Choosing the right hybrid fund requires careful consideration of various factors, including investment objectives, asset allocation, risk profile, fund manager expertise, expenses, and fund house reputation. By aligning the fund’s characteristics with your financial goals and risk tolerance, you can build a well-diversified portfolio to create long-term wealth while managing volatility and downside risk. Review your investment periodically and adjust as needed to stay on track towards your financial objectives. Investing in hybrid funds can be an excellent way to achieve a balanced approach to wealth creation, offering the potential for growth with downside protection in today’s dynamic market environment.

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